Take this Emperor Trajan Quiz and learn your knowledge level about the best of the Five Good Emperors of Rome.
Marco Ulpius Nerva Traiano (57-117 AD) was the Roman Emperor who brought Rome to its maximum splendor and its maximum territorial extension. Because of his great accomplishments whenever a new Emperor took power, people started to wish that he would be “as great as Augustus and as good as Trajan.”
Soldier and an excellent administrator, a strong and just man. His work as a legislator and conqueror in the name of justice and the greatness of Rome made him legendary.
A detail of no small importance for the time that would have allowed him to face, at the age of 45, the difficult transition to the role of emperor. He honored the position from the beginning of his mandate to the point of deserving, after only two years of government, the nickname of Optimus Princeps.
Under his inspired leadership, Rome regained confidence not only in its internal security but also in its imperial destiny. For many modern-day historians, Trajan’s rule is often considered to be the beginning of a “Golden Age” of the Roman Empire
The biggest major military campaign during Trajan’s reign was represented by the Dacian Wars, which resulted in large spoils of war and the conquest of a rich province for the Empire.
Among the most ambitious projects in foreign policy directed by Trajan, there was certainly the campaign against the Parthians, conducted between 114 and 117 A.D. The conflict had started over the succession to the Armenian throne. The Parthian king had decided to attribute it to a nephew; Trajan did not accept this decision and set himself in charge of an expedition. He managed to conquer numerous lands: in 114 AD he subdued Armenia, Mesopotamia, and Assyria, reaching as far as the Persian Gulf. Ctesiphon, the capital of Parthia, was conquered and sacked. However, after these successes, Trajan found himself in the position of having to face and quell the numerous revolts that had exploded in the surrounding territories; the Jewish communities rose between 115 and 117, then it was the turn of the populations of Syria, Egypt, Cyrenaica (corresponding to today’s Libya) and Cyprus. Trajan had to downsize expansion projects and devote himself to stifling rebellions.
Trajan, just as he was busy calming the rebellions, fell ill. He tried to return to Rome, but died in August 117 in Cilicia, in Selinunte, in present-day Turkey.
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