Do you think you know very well the history of ancient Egypt? Test your knowledge by answering the questions from this Ancient Egypt quiz.
The history of ancient Egypt represents a permanent attraction for the people of our times, both for specialized historians and for the general public.
The countless mysteries and riddles that are still waiting to be elucidated, but also many unusual aspects of them are some of the many sources of this fascination for the history of Egypt.
Whether it is the rudimentary practices of ancient medicine or the origin of makeup, ancient Egypt remains an inexhaustible source of surprising information.
Egyptian civilization was formed around 4,000 BC. after the invention of the writing and it was one of the most iconic and powerful civilizations in history.
It was established on the banks of the Nile River in the north of the African continent, which, with its annual floods, allowed the supply of irrigation of sown fields, which is why agriculture has become the main source of wealth in the region.
Egyptian civilization made great developments in science, art, religion, and trade. This progress in many cultural and scientific fields has been highlighted on the walls of the great monuments of ancient Egypt, covered by hieroglyphs. (which are the main sources of information for archaeologists).
The discoveries of ancient Egypt are many, but here are some important inventions worth mentioning:
- Egyptian calendar – thanks to advanced knowledge in mathematics and astronomy, they established a 24-hour division of the day and created a calendar, first monthly, and later adapted to a solar calendar consisting of 365 days in a year. beginning with the flooding of the Nile.
- Writing system – the ancient Egyptians took the concept of writing from the Sumerians and created their own pictographic method using hieroglyphs (a system based on drawings and symbols). Mainly due to writing, archaeologists can learn about the customs, beliefs, histories and characteristics of civilization.
- The plow pulled by animals – The peasants of the Nile Valley used a fire-hardened wooden plow to cultivate the land. Later, they adapted the cart so that it could be pulled by oxen who were whipped with a whip to advance.
- Copper mirror – it was a flat object made entirely of polished copper, which was very expensive to manufacture, so it was reserved for the nobility. It consisted of a glossy surface that reflected fairly clear images, thus allowing the pharaohs to put on make-up or adjust their crown.
- The papyrus – It consisted of a flexible sheet obtained from the stems of the plant “Papyrus”, which reached up to 4 meters in height and was abundant in northern Egypt. The sheets were cut into pieces to make documents or posters that they wrote and drew.
Thanks to the wealth from the annual floods of the Nile and scientific discoveries, Ancient Egypt managed for a time to reach the status of regional military power.
The arrival of the Macedonians marked the end of Egypt’s political autonomy. Egypt has been ruled several times by foreign powers. Only the Persians had deprived the pharaohs of their independence. The other invaders recover in their favor the monarchical traditions and certain Egyptian values. It seems that Ptolemy and the Roman emperors sought to preserve their Egyptian traditions. However, they adopted a variable attitude towards Egyptian culture. They gave more or less importance to their own customs or associated them with Egyptian practices depending on the circumstances.
The real impact of Egypt on the culture of foreign powers, which have sought to assimilate some of the Egyptian practices, is difficult to estimate. With the Christianization of the Roman Empire in the fifth century AD, everything that made up Egyptian culture has now become incomprehensible. Certainly the Greek and Latin texts have perpetuated the memory of this Egyptian history, but this transmission of knowledge of Egypt must be distinguished from the information transmitted by contemporary Egyptian documentation. Already in the work of Herodotus who visited Egypt in the years 450, certain passages do not always seem correct even if the book of the “father of history” remains, for Egyptologists, an essential source of information.
There are still whole sections of pharaonic history that we do not know and that we will probably never be able to understand in depth …